Ultimate Axe Guide: Exploring the World of Remarkable Tools

Welcome to our ultimate guide on axes types! Axes have been essential tools for centuries, aiding humanity in various tasks ranging from survival and woodworking to forestry and beyond. In this comprehensive blog post, we invite you to embark on a fascinating journey through the world of axes, exploring their diverse types, techniques, and practical applications.

Join us as we delve into the intricate details of hatchets, felling axes, splitting axes, broadaxes, carpenter’s axes, adzes, and double bit axes. Each of these axes possesses unique characteristics and specialized uses that contribute to their versatility and utility. Whether you are an outdoor enthusiast, a woodworking aficionado, or simply intrigued by the history and craftsmanship of these remarkable tools, this guide is designed to inform, inspire, and ignite your curiosity.

From the wild adventures of camping to the precision artistry of woodworking, we’ll uncover the secrets behind choosing the right axe, mastering essential techniques, and ensuring safety during use. Additionally, we’ll explore the historical significance of axes, tracing their roots through ancient civilizations and examining how they have evolved over time.

Are you ready to wield the knowledge of axe aficionados, discover their fascinating applications, and appreciate the artistry behind these remarkable tools? Let’s embark on this axe-centric odyssey, unearthing the power, versatility, and craftsmanship that lies within each swing of the blade.


A photograph showcasing a hatchet with a black handle. The hatchet is a small, compact axe designed for one-handed use. Its handle is made of black material, providing a sleek and dark appearance

Hatchets are versatile and compact tools commonly referred to as hand axes. These lightweight tools feature a single blade and have a wide range of applications, making them a valuable asset in various scenarios.

One of the primary uses of hatchets is in camping and outdoor activities. When you’re out in the wilderness, a hatchet becomes an essential tool for survival. It aids in clearing campsites by chopping away brush, small branches, and vegetation. With its compact size, a hatchet allows you to maneuver easily through dense foliage, making way for a comfortable camping setup. Additionally, hatchets are instrumental in preparing kindling for fires. With their sharp blades, you can easily split small logs and branches into smaller, manageable pieces, facilitating efficient fire starting. In situations where you need to construct temporary shelters, a hatchet helps in cutting and shaping wood to create the necessary support structures.

Beyond camping, hatchets find utility in bushcraft and survival scenarios. Bushcraft refers to the skills and knowledge necessary for living and thriving in the wilderness. A hatchet is an indispensable tool for bushcraft enthusiasts as it enables a wide range of tasks. From crafting basic tools, such as spears or digging sticks, to processing wood for constructing traps or primitive shelters, a hatchet is a go-to tool. It aids in batoning, a technique where you strike the back of the hatchet’s blade with a baton to split larger logs for firewood or to create feather sticks for fire-starting. Its compact size and versatility make a hatchet an essential tool for those venturing into the wilderness.

In the world of woodworking, hatchets play a unique role. They are commonly used for carving and shaping wood, particularly in creating small sculptures and intricate details. Woodworkers appreciate the control and precision that a hatchet offers, allowing them to remove material and shape wood with accuracy. The curved cutting edge of a hatchet can be utilized to create concave surfaces, chamfers, and bevels, adding depth and texture to wooden pieces. Whether you’re a professional woodworker or an enthusiast exploring the world of woodworking, a hatchet can be an invaluable addition to your toolkit.

Moreover, hatchets have a rich historical significance. They have been used by ancient civilizations and indigenous cultures around the world for various purposes, including hunting, woodworking, and everyday tasks. The compact nature of a hatchet made it a preferred tool for early humans, aiding them in tasks like butchering game and preparing materials for shelter and tools. The versatility of hatchets has stood the test of time, making them a tool that has been relied upon for countless generations.

Hatchets are versatile and compact tools that find applications in camping, bushcraft, survival scenarios, woodworking, and historical contexts. From clearing campsites to carving intricate woodwork, hatchets are an indispensable tool for outdoor enthusiasts, woodworkers, and those interested in primitive skills. Their portability, versatility, and rich history make them a valuable addition to any toolkit or collection.

Search for some hatchets on Amazon.

Felling axes

A photo of two axes intersecting each other. The axes have wooden handles and sharp metal heads. They are positioned diagonally, forming an 'X' shape. The axes are traditional tools used for chopping and cutting wood.

Felling axes are powerful and robust tools specifically designed for felling trees and cutting logs. With their long handles, sharp blades, and wedge-shaped heads, felling axes enable controlled and efficient tree cutting in various applications.

In the forestry industry, felling axes play a vital role in the process of timber harvesting. Foresters and loggers rely on these specialized axes to safely and effectively fell trees. The long handle of a felling axe provides leverage, allowing the user to generate substantial force and make precise cuts. The sharp blade is designed to penetrate the wood quickly, while the wedge-shaped head helps to split the fibers and guide the falling tree in the desired direction. By utilizing proper felling techniques and strategic cuts, felling axes assist in ensuring the safety of workers and minimizing the risk of damage to surrounding trees and structures.

Apart from felling trees, felling axes are also invaluable in cutting logs into manageable sections. Once a tree has been felled, the logs need to be further processed for various purposes, such as firewood, lumber, or woodworking projects. Felling axes, with their sharp blades and ergonomic design, allow loggers to make controlled and precise cuts during this log preparation phase. By carefully choosing the right angles and positions for each cut, loggers can maximize the efficiency of the process and obtain logs of desired lengths and dimensions.

In the realm of firewood preparation, felling axes excel at bucking, limbing, and splitting logs. Bucking involves cutting felled trees into sections suitable for firewood or other uses. Felling axes make this task more manageable by efficiently severing the logs into desired lengths. Additionally, when it comes to limbing, which involves removing branches from the felled tree, the sharp blade of a felling axe enables loggers to swiftly and effectively clear away the limbs, making the logs easier to handle and process.

Splitting logs is another critical aspect of firewood preparation, and felling axes are well-suited for this purpose. With their broad heads and heavy blades, felling axes deliver powerful strikes that efficiently split logs along the grain. This technique, known as splitting, is essential for creating firewood that is appropriately sized for stoves, fireplaces, or campfires. Loggers and homeowners alike benefit from the effectiveness and efficiency of felling axes when it comes to preparing a reliable and abundant supply of firewood.

It’s worth mentioning that there are variations of felling axes, including single-bit and double-bit axes. Single-bit axes feature a single sharpened blade on one end of the axe head, while double-bit axes have two sharpened blades on opposite ends. The choice between these designs depends on specific requirements and preferences. Single-bit axes are versatile and commonly used in various felling and cutting tasks. On the other hand, double-bit axes offer the convenience of having two different blade profiles, allowing users to switch between cutting edges according to their needs.

Felling axes are indispensable tools for tree cutting, log preparation, and firewood processing. With their long handles, sharp blades, and wedge-shaped heads, these axes provide the necessary power, control, and precision required in forestry, logging, and other related activities. Whether you’re a professional forester or a homeowner preparing firewood, a reliable felling axe is an essential tool that aids in efficient tree felling, log cutting, and firewood production.

Here are examples of feeling axes on amazon

Splitting axes

A photograph showing a splitting axe resting on the ground with split wood nearby. The splitting axe has a long handle made of wood and a large, wedge-shaped metal head. The axe is positioned with its head embedded in a piece of split wood. Surrounding the axe are several logs that have been split into smaller pieces. The split wood exhibits clean, even splits, indicating the effectiveness of the axe for chopping and splitting wood.

Splitting axes are specialized tools designed for the efficient splitting of logs along the grain. With their wide heads and heavy blades, splitting axes excel in firewood preparation and timber processing tasks.

When it comes to firewood production, splitting axes are invaluable. Once trees are felled and cut into logs, the logs need to be split into smaller sections suitable for use in stoves, fireplaces, or campfires. Splitting axes, with their broad heads, deliver powerful strikes that efficiently split the logs along the grain. This splitting technique ensures that the wood splits cleanly and easily, allowing for effective firewood preparation. By using proper splitting techniques, such as positioning the log correctly and adopting the appropriate stance and swing, the user can maximize the efficiency of the splitting process and obtain well-sized firewood.

The design of splitting axes contributes to their effectiveness. The wide head, sometimes referred to as a bit, allows for a greater impact surface area, increasing the force applied to the log upon striking. The heavy blade aids in driving the axe into the log and splitting it apart. Additionally, the weight distribution of splitting axes is carefully balanced, providing optimal power and control during the splitting motion.

Different types of splitting axes cater to specific needs and preferences. Mauls, for example, are splitting axes with a large, heavy head designed for splitting larger, tougher logs. They are particularly useful for tackling hardwoods or knotted wood that require more force to split. Sledges, on the other hand, are splitting axes with a long handle and a heavy wedge-shaped head, providing additional momentum and power for splitting larger logs. Twist wedges, which have a twisted design, are another type of splitting axe that offers increased splitting efficiency by creating wedges along the length of the log.

Aside from firewood production, splitting axes find applications in timber processing. For example, when preparing timber for construction or woodworking projects, splitting axes are used to split larger logs into more manageable sizes. This process allows for easier handling and further shaping of the timber. By using splitting axes, woodworkers and construction professionals can obtain sections of timber that are suitable for specific applications, such as beams, planks, or posts.

Splitting axes are specialized tools that excel in firewood preparation and timber processing. With their wide heads and heavy blades, these axes efficiently split logs along the grain, ensuring the production of properly sized firewood for heating purposes. The design and weight distribution of splitting axes contribute to their power and control during the splitting process. Whether you’re a homeowner preparing firewood or a professional woodworker processing timber, a reliable splitting axe is an essential tool that facilitates efficient log splitting and ensures a steady supply of quality firewood or well-sized timber sections.

You can even find great splitting axes here at Home Depot


A photograph depicting a Broadaxe positioned on a log with a knife placed in a knife holder. The Broadaxe is a large, heavy axe with a long wooden handle and a broad, straight blade. It is resting on top of a log, ready for use. Adjacent to the Broadaxe is a knife holder with a knife securely placed in it

Broadaxes are specialized tools designed for shaping and hewing timber. With their wide, single-beveled blades, broadaxes are essential for tasks that involve removing material from the surface of a log or timber.

In traditional woodworking, broadaxes hold significant historical significance. They have been used for centuries in timber framing, shipbuilding, and log cabin construction. The wide blade of a broadaxe allows woodworkers to remove large sections of material quickly and efficiently. By swinging the broadaxe with controlled force, craftsmen can shape the surface of a log or timber, creating flat or curved surfaces as required by the specific woodworking project. Broadaxes are particularly effective in removing material along the grain of the wood, resulting in clean and precise cuts.

Modern applications of broadaxes continue to thrive, especially in heritage restoration projects and specialized woodworking endeavors. When restoring historical structures, such as timber-framed buildings or traditional wooden boats, craftsmen utilize broadaxes to shape replacement timber components that match the original design. The skillful use of a broadaxe ensures the preservation of traditional craftsmanship and the authenticity of the restored structure.

The blade configuration of a broadaxe plays a crucial role in its application. Flat-bladed broadaxes are suitable for creating flat surfaces and removing material evenly across the grain of the wood. They are commonly used for hewing timber beams, where a smooth and level surface is required. Curved-bladed broadaxes, on the other hand, excel at shaping and sculpting wood by removing material in a curved manner. They are often employed in projects that involve creating rounded surfaces, such as boat hulls, decorative elements, or artistic woodwork.

When using a broadaxe, proper technique and control are essential. Woodworkers must maintain a consistent swing and angle the blade to achieve the desired effect. The skillful manipulation of a broadaxe allows craftsmen to shape and hew timber with precision, bringing their creative vision to life.

The choice of handle design and length is also a consideration when selecting a broadaxe. Longer handles provide increased leverage, allowing for greater force and control. However, shorter handles offer more maneuverability and precision for intricate work. The selection of the handle design and length depends on the specific task and the woodworker’s preferences.

Broadaxes are indispensable tools in shaping and hewing timber. Their wide, single-beveled blades enable woodworkers to remove material efficiently and precisely, whether it’s for timber framing, heritage restoration, or specialized woodworking projects. The skillful use of a broadaxe allows craftsmen to shape wood with control and precision, creating flat or curved surfaces according to the requirements of the project. By utilizing the unique features of a broadaxe, woodworkers continue to honor traditional craftsmanship and produce remarkable wooden structures that stand the test of time.

Carpenter’s axe

 photograph displaying a carpenter's axe embedded in a log. The carpenter's axe features a short handle made of wood and a sharp, narrow blade. The axe is firmly lodged into the log, with its blade buried deep within the wood fibers.

Carpenter’s axes are versatile tools designed specifically for woodworking tasks, offering precision and control. With their shorter handles and finer blades, these axes excel in shaping, trimming, and precision work, making them indispensable for carpenters and woodworkers.

One of the primary applications of carpenter’s axes is in shaping wood. The compact size and maneuverability of these axes allow woodworkers to remove material and shape wood with precision. Whether it’s rough shaping or fine detailing, carpenter’s axes provide the necessary control to achieve desired results. Woodworkers can use carpenter’s axes to create chamfers, bevels, or other decorative elements, adding depth and character to their woodworking projects.

Trimming is another essential task where carpenter’s axes shine. These axes are ideal for trimming down wooden components to precise dimensions. Whether it’s fitting joints, adjusting angles, or fine-tuning the size of a piece, carpenter’s axes offer the necessary accuracy to achieve a perfect fit. The sharp and refined blades of these axes make the trimming process smooth and efficient.

Carpenter’s axes play a vital role in fine joinery. The precision and control they provide enable woodworkers to execute intricate joints, such as mortise and tenon, dovetails, or half-lap joints. By using a carpenter’s axe, craftsmen can carefully shape the wood to achieve precise mating surfaces, ensuring strong and aesthetically pleasing joints. The compact size of carpenter’s axes allows woodworkers to work in tight spaces, making them well-suited for intricate joinery work.

When it comes to handle materials and designs, carpenter’s axes offer various options. Handles made of wood, such as hickory or ash, provide a traditional and comfortable feel, absorbing shock and offering a secure grip. Some modern carpenter’s axes may feature fiberglass or composite handles, which offer increased durability and resistance to environmental factors. The choice of handle material depends on personal preference, balancing aesthetics, comfort, and durability.

Ergonomics also play a crucial role in carpenter’s axe design. The handle should be shaped to fit comfortably in the hand, allowing for extended periods of use without causing fatigue. Proper ergonomics ensure a secure grip and efficient transfer of force, enhancing both control and efficiency during woodworking tasks.

Carpenter’s axes are versatile tools that excel in shaping, trimming, and precision woodworking tasks. With their shorter handles and finer blades, these axes provide woodworkers with the necessary control and precision required for detailed woodworking projects. Whether it’s shaping wood, trimming down components, or executing intricate joinery, carpenter’s axes offer the accuracy and maneuverability needed to achieve exceptional results. By utilizing the unique features and designs of carpenter’s axes, woodworkers can take their craftsmanship to new levels and create beautiful, finely-crafted wooden pieces.

Amazon has some carpenters axes which is a great start for a beginner


A photograph showing Adzes placed on a table. Adzes are hand tools used for shaping and smoothing wood. In the image, there are multiple Adzes resting on a table surface

Adzes are specialized woodworking tools that feature curved blades, offering unique capabilities in shaping and sculpting wood. With their ability to remove material in a curved manner, adzes find applications in various woodworking disciplines.

One of the primary uses of adzes is in sculpting and carving wood. The curved blade of an adze allows woodworkers to create concave surfaces, rounded contours, and hollowed-out areas with precision and control. Artists and sculptors utilize adzes to shape wood into intricate sculptures, bowls, and other artistic pieces. The ability to remove material in a curved fashion makes adzes particularly effective in achieving flowing and organic forms.

Boat building is another area where adzes play a significant role. When constructing wooden boats, adzes are employed to shape the wooden hulls. By removing material in a curved manner, boat builders can create the desired contours and curves necessary for efficient hydrodynamics and structural integrity. Adzes allow for the precision shaping of boat hulls, ensuring proper water flow and enhancing the overall performance of the vessel.

Beyond sculpting and boat building, adzes have various applications in general woodworking. Woodworkers use adzes to shape chair seats, creating comfortable and aesthetically pleasing contours. The ability to remove material in a curved manner enables woodworkers to shape chair seats that fit the human form. Additionally, adzes are utilized in creating decorative grooves, chamfers, or roughing out complex joinery work.

When using an adze, the woodworker must consider the handle design and length that suits their needs. The handle of an adze should allow for a comfortable grip and optimal control during use. Longer handles provide increased leverage, enabling greater power and control for larger tasks, while shorter handles offer enhanced maneuverability and precision for detailed work.

Furthermore, the selection of the adze’s curvature depends on the specific task at hand. Adzes with a deeper curvature are suitable for removing larger amounts of material, while those with a shallower curvature allow for more delicate shaping and finer control. The choice of curvature is determined by the desired outcome and the woodworking project’s requirements.

Adzes are versatile tools in the realm of woodworking, known for their ability to shape and sculpt wood in a curved manner. Whether it’s sculpting intricate pieces, shaping boat hulls, creating comfortable chair seats, or roughing out complex joinery, adzes offer woodworkers the ability to work with precision and control. By utilizing the unique capabilities of adzes, craftsmen can bring their artistic visions to life and achieve exceptional results in various woodworking disciplines.

you can find a few adzes for sale online here

Double bit axes

A photograph capturing a lumberjack holding a Double bit axe. The lumberjack is depicted in a natural outdoor setting, wearing typical work attire such as a plaid shirt

Double bit axes are versatile tools that feature two sharpened blades on opposite ends of the axe head. With their dual blades, these axes offer unique capabilities and find applications in forestry, camping, and historical contexts.

In the field of forestry, double bit axes are utilized for various tasks. When it comes to limbing, which involves removing branches from felled trees, the dual blades of a double bit axe offer efficiency and convenience. The user can switch between the two cutting edges, selecting the appropriate side based on the angle and position of the limb. This versatility allows for quick and effective limb removal, making the process more efficient for loggers.

Camping enthusiasts also appreciate the advantages of double bit axes. These axes are suitable for tasks such as chopping firewood, clearing campsites, and preparing kindling. The ability to switch between cutting edges provides flexibility in different situations. For example, one blade may be more effective for chopping larger logs, while the other can be used for smaller, precise cuts. Double bit axes offer campers a single tool that can handle a range of wood processing tasks efficiently.

Double bit axes also hold historical significance and have been used in different cultures and contexts. They have been employed for centuries in traditional activities such as forestry work, farming, and construction. Their dual blades allow users to adapt to specific tasks and working conditions, enhancing productivity and versatility. Exploring the historical significance of double bit axes adds depth to our understanding of traditional practices and the evolution of tools over time.

Additionally, double bit axes have gained popularity in competitive axe throwing. Axe throwing is a recreational activity and sport that has gained traction worldwide. Double bit axes present an added challenge for participants due to their balance and unique characteristics. Competitors must adapt their throwing technique to account for the dual blades, requiring precision and skill to successfully hit the target.

When selecting a double bit axe, factors such as blade sharpness, handle design, and weight distribution should be considered. Sharp blades are essential for optimal cutting performance, and the handle should provide a comfortable and secure grip. The weight distribution should be balanced to ensure proper control during use, enhancing accuracy and safety.

Double bit axes are versatile tools with two sharpened blades, offering a range of applications in forestry, camping, historical contexts, and even recreational activities. Their dual blades provide flexibility and convenience for tasks such as limbing, wood processing, and competitive axe throwing. By understanding the unique capabilities and historical significance of double bit axes, users can appreciate their versatility and select the appropriate tool for their specific needs.

Search here on Ebay for some double bit axes.

 Unleashing the Power and Versatility of Axes

Throughout this comprehensive guide, we have explored the diverse world of axes and their specific applications. From hatchets and felling axes to splitting axes, broadaxes, carpenter’s axes, adzes, and double bit axes, each type of axe offers unique features and capabilities.

Axes have played an essential role throughout history, serving as indispensable tools in various industries and everyday tasks. Understanding the different types of axes allows us to appreciate their craftsmanship, design, and versatility. Whether you are a camper, a forester, a woodworker, or simply interested in the rich history of these tools, there is an axe that suits your needs.

By delving into the applications of each type of axe, we have discovered their remarkable versatility. Hatchets prove invaluable in camping and survival scenarios, while felling axes excel in tree cutting and log preparation. Splitting axes are efficient firewood processors, broadaxes bring precision to shaping and hewing timber, carpenter’s axes enable fine woodworking, adzes offer curved wood shaping capabilities, and double bit axes provide versatility in various contexts.

It is essential to note that selecting the right axe for your specific needs requires consideration of factors such as blade design, handle length, weight distribution, and ergonomic considerations. Safety should always be a priority when handling axes, and proper techniques and precautions should be followed to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

By expanding our knowledge of axes, we not only gain practical insights into their applications but also develop a deeper appreciation for the skill and craftsmanship that goes into creating these tools. Axes have evolved over time to meet specific needs, and their continued use in various industries and recreational activities is a testament to their enduring relevance.

We hope this guide has provided you with valuable information, insights, and inspiration for exploring the world of axes. Whether you’re embarking on a camping trip, pursuing woodworking projects, or simply fascinated by the historical significance of these tools, axes offer a blend of functionality, versatility, and craftsmanship that continues to captivate enthusiasts around the world.

Stay tuned for more informative posts, as we dive deeper into the world of axes, exploring advanced techniques, safety guidelines, maintenance tips, and inspiring stories from axe enthusiasts. Remember, an axe is not just a tool; it is a symbol of human ingenuity, craftsmanship, and the enduring connection between humanity and the natural world.